The Lefka Ori range, known to Cretans as "Madares", stretches from the southern part of the Prefecture of Chania to the Libyan Sea at Sfakia. At this point the tallest peaks are to be found: Paknes (2.450 m.), Kastro (2.218 m.) and Trocharis (2.409 m.). The word "Madares" comes from the verb "madao" (meaning to molt or shed) and the locals judge it to better describe the range which, for the most part, is barren of trees.
Following scientific measurements made by the Military Geographic Service, using instruments of extreme accuracy, Lefka Ori was officially declared the tallest mountain in Crete at 2,453.65 meters. Mount Psiloritis, which is located on the other side of Crete, came just behind at a height of 2,453.59 meters.
In total, there are around 50 peaks of the Lefka Ori range that are over 2000 meters high. Due to the peculiarities of the morphology the visitor should be equipped with both directional instruments and knowledge as the possibility of getting lost amidst the "sea" of peaks is a very real possibility.
Even though the range experiences a high yield of annual rainfall (2000 ml), during the summer months it is extremely dry. There are no springs to supply water so it is vital that the visitor be equipped with provisions.